Paradigm: definition


The term paradigm designates a model, an example to follow or a way of thinking. In grammar, we call a paradigm an inflected form of a word. In philosophy, it is a set of concepts, values ​​and mental representations that structure our vision of the world and our way of thinking. Examples of paradigms: the Cartesian paradigm, the Freudian paradigm, the Marxist paradigm, the postmodern paradigm.

Definition of a paradigm

Paradigm is a model, pattern, or preconceived conception that serves as the basis for thought and action. In other words, it is a particular way of seeing and conceiving things. Paradigms have a considerable influence on the way we perceive and interpret the world around us.

There are many examples of paradigms in different areas of life. For example, in science, the Newtonian paradigm has been replaced by the relativistic paradigm. In the economic field, the Keynesian paradigm has been replaced by the neo-liberal paradigm. And in the political domain, the democratic paradigm has been replaced by the authoritarian paradigm.

Paradigm shifts are often accompanied by conflict and controversy, as those committed to a particular paradigm may be reluctant to accept a new paradigm. However, it is important to keep in mind that paradigms are human constructs and therefore can be changed.

Examples of paradigms

The paradigm is a conceptual model that allows us to understand and interpret the world around us. It is therefore a mental tool that helps us structure our thinking and make sense of things.

We can find many examples of paradigms in our daily lives. For example, when we look at the stars, we perceive them as being aligned in a single line. However, in reality, they are all arranged differently and don't really form a line. It is our paradigm that makes us see things this way.

Similarly, when we look at a person walking, we tend to think that they are always moving forward. Yet, if we take a moment to think, we will realize that it is impossible. In fact, the person must necessarily make lateral movements to be able to move forward. It is once again our paradigm that prevents us from seeing things from this angle.

Finally, when we read a book, we tend to follow the text from left to right and top to bottom. However, it is possible to read it in many other ways. For example, you can start at the end, or read each line starting from the right. These are still examples of paradigms that we face on a daily basis.

As we can see, paradigm is a very important concept in our life. It allows us to understand the world around us and make sense of things. without this concept, our thinking would be much less structured and it would be much more difficult to navigate our daily lives.

A paradigm is a pattern of thinking that serves as the basis for completing tasks or solving problems. Paradigms are often used in the social sciences and natural sciences because they can help researchers better understand and interpret their observations.