bipolar disorder: definition


Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression. People with this disorder can have very extreme highs and lows, which can make their lives very difficult. Fortunately, there are treatments that can help people better manage their bipolar disorder.

Encyclopedia of bipolar disorder: causes

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by extreme mood swings, ranging from profound depression to manic episodes. The causes of bipolar disorder are still unknown, but there appears to be a genetic component. The symptoms of bipolar disorder can be extremely disabling and can lead to impulsive and dangerous behavior. Treatment for bipolar disorder usually involves medication and therapy.

Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by extreme changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These changes can be so severe that they interfere with a person's ability to lead a normal life. People with bipolar disorder may go through periods of depression (where they feel sad, tired, and hopeless) and periods of mania (where they feel extremely happy, energetic, and full of ideas).

The causes of bipolar disorder are still unknown, but experts believe it is caused by a mixture of genetic and environmental factors. People with bipolar disorder often have a family history of a mental disorder, suggesting that the illness may be hereditary. Additionally, hormonal changes, stressors, and certain chemicals can trigger or worsen bipolar disorder symptoms.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder can vary from person to person, and the severity of symptoms can also fluctuate over time. Typical symptoms of bipolar depression include sadness, loss of interest in usual activities, fatigue, weight loss, difficulty sleeping, and decreased concentration. Typical symptoms of mania include excess energy, restlessness, grandiose ideas, decreased need for sleep, speaking quickly, and impulsivity.

Bipolar disorder cannot be cured, but symptoms can be managed with appropriate treatment. Typical treatment for bipolar disorder involves a combination of medication and therapy. Medications commonly used to treat bipolar disorder include antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics. Therapy can help people with bipolar disorder better understand and manage their illness, overcome daily life challenges, and prevent relapse.

Encyclopedia of bipolar disorder: symptoms

Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by episodes of extreme depression and excitement. Symptoms of depression may include sadness, lack of interest in activities you once enjoyed, fatigue, weight gain, decreased concentration, and thoughts of suicide. Symptoms of excitement may include anxiety, irritability, mood swings, insomnia, rapid speech, and incoherent ideas. Episodes of depression and excitement can last for weeks or months, and symptom-free periods can last for years. Bipolar disorder is a chronic illness, meaning it has no cure, but it can be treated with medications and therapies.

Encyclopedia of bipolar disorder: treatments

Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness that requires medical treatment. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms and may include medications, therapy, and lifestyle changes.

Medications used to treat bipolar disorder are usually antipsychotics, antidepressants, and mood stabilizers. Medication must be prescribed by a doctor and may take several weeks to take effect.

Therapy is also an important part of treating bipolar disorder. Therapy can help manage symptoms and better understand and manage the condition.

Lifestyle changes can also help manage bipolar disorder. This may include dietary changes, exercise, relaxation and stress management.

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by episodes of depression and mania. The causes of bipolar disorder are unknown, but there appears to be a hereditary component. The symptoms of bipolar depression are similar to those of unipolar depression, while the symptoms of mania are characterized by euphoric mood, increased activity, decreased need for sleep, and constantly racing thoughts. Treatment for bipolar disorder is usually with medication, but can also include therapy and family intervention.