Jansenism: definition


Jansenism is a religious doctrine based on the ideas of the Dutch theologian and philosopher Cornelius Jansen (1585-1638). This is a rigorous interpretation of the Christian faith, according to which divine grace is necessary for human beings to be saved. Jansenism was condemned by several popes, but it nevertheless had a number of supporters in France, particularly among intellectuals and aristocrats. The term “Jansenism” is therefore often used in a pejorative manner to designate an intolerant dogmatism.

What Jansenism is: definition of a controversial term

Jansenism is a religious and philosophical movement born in the 17th century, mainly in France. It takes its name from the Dutch theologian and philosopher Cornelius Jansen (1585-1638), author of the Book of the Five Graces. The Jansenists were greatly influenced by Augustinianism, a religious doctrine which states that grace is necessary for man to be saved. They were also strongly influenced by stoicism, a philosophy which advocates self-control and resignation in the face of life's events.

Jansenism divided the Catholic Church for several centuries. The Jansenists were accused of heresy by religious authorities, particularly for their doctrine of grace. They were persecuted and exiled, and their movement was declared heretical by the pope in 1713. However, Jansenism experienced a revival in the 20th century, notably thanks to the theology of freedom of Jacques Maritain (1882-1973).

Jansenism is a complex and controversial school of thought. It has had a profound impact on Western religion and philosophy, and continues to be a subject of debate today.

Jansenism: definition of a term that divides Catholics

Jansenism is a theological and philosophical movement founded by the Dutch theologian Cornelius Jansen (1585-1638). It emphasizes grace and predestination, arguing that some people are predestined to be saved, while others are not. This movement has divided Catholics for centuries and is still controversial today.

Proponents of Jansenism assert that God predestined some to be saved, and that this predestination is based on grace. They hold that men cannot earn God's grace by their own efforts; only those who are predestined can be saved. This doctrine has been criticized by opponents of Jansenism, who argue that it gives a negative image of God and undermines human freedom.

Today, Jansenism is still a controversial doctrine. Some people argue that this is a valid way of viewing the relationship between God and man, while others believe it is a dangerous doctrine that limits human choices. Regardless, Jansenism continues to be an important force in the Catholic world and it is certain that the controversy over this theological and philosophical movement will not end any time soon.

Jansenism is a controversial term that divides Catholics. It designates a heretical doctrine and a religious sect which has been condemned by the Church.