What triggers a fire suppression system?

Qu'est-ce qui déclenche un système d'extinction d'incendie ?

What triggers a fire sprinkler system?

An automatic water sprinkler system is an essential part of any building’s fire safety plan. It is designed to automatically detect and extinguish fires before they spread and cause significant damage. But what exactly triggers an automatic fire suppression system?

Millbrook Fire Protection Company explains that, firstly, a sprinkler system is activated by heat. When the temperature around a sprinkler reaches a certain level, usually between 135 and 165 degrees Fahrenheit, a glass bulb or metal link breaks, allowing water to flow from the sprinkler head and reach fire. This is called the “activation temperature”.

However, not all fires trigger a sprinkler system. In fact, many fires are small and contained enough that they can be extinguished safely without the need for a sprinkler system. For example, a small kitchen fire that is quickly extinguished using a fire extinguisher may not trigger a sprinkler system.

On the other hand, if a fire is allowed to spread and grow, it will eventually reach a point where it generates enough heat to activate the sprinkler system. At this point, sprinklers begin spraying water onto the fire, extinguishing it and preventing it from spreading further.

In addition to heat, certain types of fires are more likely to trigger a sprinkler system. For example, fires involving flammable liquids, like gasoline or oil, can generate a lot of heat quickly, making them more likely to activate a sprinkler system. Likewise, fires involving electrical equipment or wiring can also produce a lot of heat, increasing the chances of a sprinkler system being activated.

It is important to note that sprinkler systems are not designed to completely extinguish a fire on their own. Rather, they are intended to smother the fire and give building occupants time to evacuate while providing a crucial layer of protection against the spread of the fire.

One type of sprinkler system that is particularly effective in quickly extinguishing fires is the ESFR (early suppression, fast response) extinguisher. These sprinklers are designed to quickly detect and extinguish fires involving flammable liquids and other high-risk materials. Due to their ability to quickly extinguish fires, they are an important part of any building's fire safety plan. These sprinklers are generally larger and more powerful than standard sprinklers and are able to put out fires faster and more effectively.

One of the main advantages of ESFR sprinklers is that they are able to extinguish fires before they have a chance to spread and grow. This is particularly important in buildings where large quantities of flammable liquids or other hazardous materials are stored, as it helps prevent a fire from becoming a major disaster.

In addition to their ability to quickly extinguish fires, ESFR sprinklers are also more cost-effective than other types of sprinkler systems. They require fewer sprinkler heads to cover the same area, reducing installation and maintenance costs. Additionally, their ability to quickly extinguish fires can help minimize property damage, which helps reduce repair and replacement costs.

In summary, a sprinkler system is activated by heat and is designed to automatically extinguish fires before they cause significant damage. ESFR sprinklers are a specialized type of fire sprinkler that are designed to quickly extinguish fires involving flammable liquids and other high-risk materials. They are an important part of any building's fire safety plan and can help prevent fires from spreading and causing significant damage.